Kuznetsov) - 2nd Separate Guards Armored River Gunboat Division (LtCdr K.V. On the 21st, the Voronezh Front's 1st, 3rd and 5th Guards Airborne Brigades got the urgent call to secure, on the 23rd, a bridgehead perimeter 15 to 20 km wide and 30 km deep on the Dnieper loop between Kaniv and Rzhishchev, while Front elements forced the river. For other uses, see, "Dnepr" redirects here. The Dnieper Hydroelectric Station (Ukrainian: ДніпроГЕС - DniproHES, Russian: ДнепроГЭС - DneproGES, also known as Dneprostroi Dam) is the largest hydroelectric power station on the Dnieper River, located in Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine.It is the fifth step of Dnieper hydroelectric stations cascade that provides electric power for Donets–Kryvyi Rih Industrial region. Between August and December 1943, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union fought the battle for the Dnieper River. As the Wehrmacht pulled back to behind the Dnieper river they were engaged in more than a withdrawal. However, there was no hope of completing such an extensive defensive line in the short time available. — С. The total length is approximately 2,200 km (1,400 mi)[5] with a drainage basin of 504,000 square kilometres (195,000 sq mi). The 3rd Tank Army, plunging headlong, reached the river on the night of 21–22 September and, on the 23rd, Soviet infantry forces crossed by swimming and by using makeshift rafts to secure small, fragile bridgeheads, opposed only by 120 German Cherkassy flak academy NCO candidates and the hard-pressed 19th Panzer Division Reconnaissance Battalion. General Reference Map. Captain Schmeller's report describes an ice railway bridge across the Dnieper River near Kiev constructed for the purpose of supplying the German Sixth Army, which was operating in the area extending from Kharkov to south of Kursk. [18] For 115 km (71 mi) of its length, it serves as the border between Belarus and Ukraine. In the nineteenth century they were in shipping from the Baltic to the Black Sea, and on the great rivers of Europe--the Rhine, the Danube, even the Russian River Dnieper. Media in category "Dnieper River in Smolensk" The following 54 files are in this category, out of 54 total. The film begins in 1943 with the Battle of the Dnieper River. 16th October 1943: The Germans hold the Dnieper Line Russian infantry in solid serried ranks attacked behind a barrage on a narrow front, with tanks in support, and one wave following the other. As a result, on 15 September 1943, Hitler ordered Army Group South to retreat to the Dnieper defence line. Coordinates of the extreme points of the state frontier", Splendid Dnieper. Along this middle flow of the Dnieper, there were nine major rapids (although some sources cite a fewer number of them), obstructing almost the whole width of the river, about 30–40 smaller rapids, obstructing only part of the river, and about 60 islands and islets. The River Dnieper makes an appearance in the 1964 Hungarian drama film The Sons of the Stone-Hearted Man (based on the novel of the same name by Mór Jókai), where it appears when two characters are leaving Saint Petersburg but get attacked by wolves. [13][better source needed], The total length of the river is variously given as 2,145 kilometres (1,333 mi)[5] or 2,201 km (1,368 mi),[14][15][16][17] of which 485 km (301 mi) are within Russia, 700 km (430 mi) are within Belarus,[5] and 1,095 km (680 mi) are within Ukraine. Located 360 kilometers southwest of Moscow. The Dnieper River freezes in the winter. Historically, the river was an important barrier, dividing Ukraine into right and left banks. Getty Images offers exclusive rights-ready and premium royalty-free analog, HD, and 4K video of the highest quality. [20] The main ones are, from its source to its mouth: Many small direct tributaries also exist, such as, in the Kyiv area, the Syrets (right bank) in the north of the city, the historically significant Lybid (right bank) passing west of the centre, and the Borshahivka (right bank) to the south. Poster artist, Victor Ivanov. As the country was invaded by Germany in 1941, the retreating Russian Red Army troops dynamited the site. Nowadays, the river is noted for its dams and hydroelectric stations. German losses in men and materiél had been considerable, many of the experienced units were weakened. Nowaday… As the country was invaded by Germany in 1941, the retreating Russian Red Army troops dynamited the site. This Ukranian-language newsreel shows the WWII era victory of the Soviet Army at Stalingrad, the Caucasus, and Orel-Kursk Salient Battle which changed the course of the war. Mission change orders finally got down to company commanders, on the 24th, just 15 minutes before their units, not yet provisioned with spades, anti-tank mines, or ponchos for the autumn night frosts, assembled on airfields to load for an 1830 take-off. Словник Грінченка", "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus. Overall, the operation would be executed by 36 Combined Arms, four Tank and five Air Armies. STAVKA (the Soviet high command), detached the Central Front's 3rd Tank Army to the Voronezh Front to race the weakening Germans to the Dnieper, to save the wheat crop from the German scorched earth policy, and to achieve strategic or operational river bridgeheads before a German defence could stabilize there. The crossing of the Dnieper was extremely difficult. Shefov and other Soviet/Russian historians quote casualties as high as 1,500,000. When I initially responded to brother M. Sertz's introductory posting, old yours truly was hoping to elicit a discussion gravitating on the actions that were subsequently fought on the Lower Dnieper River in the autumn of 1943. The Flotilla was awarded the Order of the Red Banner in 1944, and the Order of Ushakov, First Class, in 1945. More than sixty percent never returned. In addition, the opposite shore was transformed into a vast complex of defenses and fortifications held by the Wehrmacht. The operation would use 51,000 guns, 2,400 tanks and 2,850 planes. Kiev was recaptured and German troops lacked the forces to annihilate Soviet troops on the Lower Dnieper bridgeheads. 5 jul 1941 ano - German troops reach the Dnieper River Adicionado na linha do tempo: 1 dias atrás. Find professional Dnieper River videos and stock footage available for license in film, television, advertising and corporate uses. World War Two Dniepr Flotilla First constituted in June 1931, a small flotilla was disbanded in June 1940, and the ships realocated to the new Danube Flotilla created with Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina and the Pinsk Flotilla. Its population in 1939 was 157,000 inhabitants (351,000 today). Post with 1657 views. For instance, the Borodaevsk bridgehead, mentioned by Marshal Konev in his memoirs, came under heavy armored attack and air assault. The first bridgehead on the Dnieper's western shore was established on 22 September 1943 at the confluence of the Dnieper and Pripyat rivers, in the northern part of the front. Er ist nach der Wolga und der Donau der drittlängste Fluss in Europa und seit der Anlage von fünf Schleusen auf rund 1700 km schiffbar. After analysing this situation, I concluded that we can't keep the Donbass with the forces that we already possess, and that even a greater danger for the whole Eastern Front is being created on the north flank of the group. The main thrust of the offensive was in a southwesterly direction; the northern flank being largely stabilised, the southern flank rested on the Sea of Azov. Data: 5 jul 1941 ano. Red Army soldier near the Dnieper hydro-electric dam, photo credit. Lead aircraft, disgorging paratroopers over Dubari at 1930, came under small arms, machine gun, and quad-20 anti-aircraft fire from the armored personnel carrier battalion (Pioneers) of the 73rd Panzer Grenadier Regiment and elements of the division staff of 19th Panzer Division. Severe winter storms can interrupt navigation, and therefore, the Dnieper River Cruise season runs from May to September. There is no straighter river, "Dreissena rostriformis bugensis Andrusov, 1897", "Hydrological situation of the Upper Dnieper", "PC-Navigo – Dé routeplanner voor de binnenwateren", "An English translation of Hervar saga by Kershaw", Work on the subject Ukrainian national symbols, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dnieper&oldid=999621909, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth–Russian Empire border, Articles lacking reliable references from May 2019, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Belarusian-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles containing Scythian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2011, Articles containing Crimean Tatar-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2009, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Krasnoznamianka Irrigation System in the southwest of the, The river is one of the symbols of the Ukrainian nation. The hazardous event killed thousands of innocent civilians, as well as Red … WW2/Cold War Timeline. The Dnieper is the third largest river in Europe, second only to the Volga and the Danube. Yet, one and a half year before field marshal von Paulus had to prove own identity to the stunned Soviet officers within the bun… [21] The mussel has been accidentally introduced around the world, where it has become an invasive species.[21]. After 13 more days combat, the airborne element was evacuated, ending a harrowing two months. His Beatitude Metropolitan Onuphry of Kiev and All Ukraine blessed the waters of the Dnieper River yesterday and offered the faithful practical advice for the spiritual life and on how to use holy water. For the missile, see. At the time of its building the Dneprostroi Dam was the largest power plant in the whole of Europe. Owing to the weather, not all assigned aircraft had arrived at airfields on time (if at all). Bridges in Smolensk (2013-11-08) 06.JPG 3,333 × 2,500; 7.55 MB. German troops soon launched heavy counterattacks on almost every bridgehead, hoping to annihilate them before heavy equipment could be transported across the river. The "rail war" operation staged during September and October 1943 struck German logistics very hard, creating heavy supply issues. Of 4,575 men dropped (seventy percent of the planned number, and just 1,525 from 5th Brigade), some 2,300 eventually assembled into 43 ad-hoc groups, with missions abandoned as hopeless, and spent most of their time seeking supplies not yet destroyed by the Germans. German opposition was ferocious and the fighting raged for every town and city. This option left no additional time for the German defenders, but would lead to much larger casualties. Additionally, on 7 September 1943, the SS forces and the Wehrmacht received orders to strip the areas they had to abandon from anything that could be used by the Red Army to slow it down, and to try to create supply shortages for the Soviet forces by implementing a scorched earth policy. Although all the bridgeheads were held, losses were terrible – at the beginning of October, most divisions were at only 25 to 50% of their nominal strength. Map of the battle of the Dnieper and linked operations. At the end of the offensive, Soviet forces controlled a bridgehead 300 kilometers wide and up to 80 kilometers deep in some places. German soldiers crossing the Dnieper River in a small boat. Non-combat cargo pilots ferrying 3rd Brigade through drizzle expected no resistance beyond river pickets but, instead, were met by anti-aircraft fire and starshells from the 19th Panzer Division (only coincidentally transiting the drop zone, and just one of six divisions and other formations ordered, on the 21st, to fill the gap in front of the 3rd Tank Army). This was determined by decades, that ‘Western readers’ generally find a little sense in multiple geographical names correlated anyhow with the ‘Barbarossa’ plan and the War on the East. Poster translation reads: "We drink water from dear Dnieper - we will drink from Prut, Neman and Bug! I myself was born beside a river--the Avon in Sarum. This, however, would give them time to get more reserves and furthermore, would expose the Soviet troops to out-flanking mechanized attacks - every Soviet commander's nightmare since 1941. The water resources of the Dnieper basin compose around 80% out of all Ukraine.[20]. [citation needed]. The battle for Poltava was especially bitter. — 415 с. The hardest part was still to come, though. On the ground, the Germans used white parachutes as beacons to hunt down and kill disorganized groups and to gather and destroy airdropped supplies. The death toll also depends on the time frame considered. Its basin covers 504,000 square kilometres (195,000 sq mi), of which 289,000 km2 (112,000 sq mi) are within Ukraine,[18] 118,360 km2 (45,700 sq mi) are within Belarus. In the best case, it would take three lifts to deliver the two brigades. Soviet soldiers attacking on a bridgehead in October 1943. One of the largest Second World War operations, involving almost 4,000,000 troops on both sides and stretching on a 1400 kilometers long front. Through the night, some pilots avoided starshell-lit drop points entirely, and 13 aircraft returned to airfields without having dropped at all. Черниговской, Киевской, Полтавской, Екатеринославской, Херсонской, Таврической и Курской", "Тлумачення / значення слова "ДНІПЕР" | Словник української мови. British historian John Erickson, in his Barbarossa: The Axis and the Allies, puts a figure of 173,201 Soviets KIA, during a time frame from 26 September to 20 December 1943, therefore not taking into account the period from 24 August to 26 September. The film begins in 1943 with the Battle of the Dnieper River. For a lack of manpower to clear all areas, forests of the region would remain a minor threat. In order to take control of the Dvina-Dnieper bridgehead, the Wehrmacht’s strike formations launched offensives in two main directions, toward Orsha and Vitebsk. The Red Army dynamited the dam during WWII. Casualties during the Battle of Dnieper are still a subject of heavy debate. Three weeks after the start of the offensive, and despite heavy losses on the Soviet side, it became clear that the Germans could not hope to contain the Soviet offensive in the flat, open terrain of the steppes, where the Red Army's numerical strength would prevail. The river was also described in the works of Taras Shevchenko. Fandov) 1st River Brigade (Capt S.M. German accounts state that hundreds of assault boats were used on the Dnieper River. The Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive also known in Soviet historical sources as the liberation of right-bank Ukraine, was a strategic offensive executed by the Soviet 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Ukrainian Fronts, along with the 2nd Belorussian Front, against the German Army Group South and Army Group A, and fought from 24 December 1943 – 17 April 1944. World War II - World War II - German strategy, from 1943: From late 1942 German strategy, every feature of which was determined by Hitler, was solely aimed at protecting the still very large area under German control—most of Europe and part of North Africa—against a future Soviet onslaught on the Eastern Front and against future Anglo-U.S. offensives on the southern and western fronts. 0. City in western Russia, it´s the administrative capital of the Smolensk Oblast, on the banks of the upper course of Dnieper River. From the mouth of the Prypiat River to the Kakhovka Hydroelectric Station, there are six sets of dams and hydroelectric stations, which produce 10% of Ukraine's electricity. The second option would be to stage a massive assault without waiting, and force the Dnieper on a broad front. It was one of World War II’s largest battles, comprising some 4 million soldiers stretched along a nearly 900-mile-long front. There are a number of canals connected to the Dnieper: The river is part of the quagga mussel's native range. Poor political relations between Western Europe and Belarus mean there is little likelihood of reopening this waterway in the near future. The city was heavily fortified and its garrison well prepared. Dnieper Rapids were part of trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks, first mentioned in the Kyiv Chronicle[clarification needed]. Portugues. After two days of violent urban warfare, the Poltava garrison was overcome. Request additional information, schedule a showing, save to your property organizer. 144. Undoubtedly it made an important strategic point for the Soviets. Outside a twin 4-inch (100 mm) main armament, they also had 2 x 2 45 mm (1.7 in) guns, and four PKT standard machine guns. Back at the Soviet airfields, the fuel shortage allowed only 298 of 500 planned sorties, leaving corps 45mm anti-tank guns and 2,017 paratroops undelivered. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für Dnieper River im Online-Wörterbuch dict.cc (Deutschwörterbuch). Both were driven by outboard motors. By the end of the month, 23 bridgeheads were created on the western side, some of them 10 kilometers wide and 1-2 kilometres deep. Fortifications were erected along the length of the Dnieper. The Battle of the Dnieper was a military campaign that took place in 1943 on the Eastern Front of World War II. The Dnieper /(də)ˈniːpər/[2][3] or Dnipro[2][4](other names) is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising in the Valdai Hills near Smolensk, Russia, before flowing through Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea. The explosion flooded villages along the banks of the Dnieper River, killing thousands of civilians. The Dnieper Flotilla (Днепровская военная флотилия) is the name given to the various naval flotillas on the Dnieper River. The River Dnieper has been a subject for artists, great and minor, over the centuries. — Мінск: Беларуская Энцыклапедыя, 1994. One of the costliest operations of the war, the casualties of the Chernigov-Poltava Strategic Offensive are estimated at being from 1,700,000 to 2,700,000 on both sides. Active Country LLC became the winner of the investment competition to attract an investor to the implementation of the project "Arrangement of the attraction cable car crossing the Dnieper River from the Arch of Friendship of Peoples to Trukhaniv Island" follows from the order of the Kyiv city state administration dated January 11, 2021, published on the official portal of the capital. The Battle of the Dnieper was a military campaign that took place in 1943 on the Eastern Front of World War II. Following the Battle of Kursk, the German High Command was no longer in a position to mount large-scale offensives against the Red Army in the East. The river is also close to the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station (Chernobyl Exclusion Zone) that is located next to the mouth of the Prypiat River. By mid-August, Adolf Hitler understood that the Soviet offensive could not be contained and he ordered construction of a series of fortifications to slow down the Red Army's offensive capability, demanding that the Wehrmacht defend the Wotan Line positions on the Dnieper at all costs. Most aircraft, as soon as they were loaded and fueled, flew in single file, instead of line abreast, to the dropping points. Numerous low-flying planes attacked those strong-points which were still firing. These boats apparently were of two types--one capable of carrying from 4 to 6 men, and one capable of carrying 10 to 16 men. Years later, Manstein wrote in his memoirs:[1]. The weather is nice and warm in the summer months, so bring lightweight clothes and comfortable walking shoes to wear on your Dnieper River Cruise. Konev complained at once about a lack of organization of Soviet air support, set up air patrols to prevent bombers from approaching the bridgeheads and ordered forward more artillery to counter tank attacks from the opposite shore. Lalko) - 1st Floating Battery Division (LtCdr I.A. — 10 000 экз. The preparation of the crossing equipment was further complicated by the German scorched earth strategy with the total destruction of all boats and raft building material in the area. Its estuary, or liman, used to be defended by the strong fortress of Ochakiv. [23] River navigation is interrupted each year by freezing in winter, and severe winter storms. Soviet 5th Guards Airborne Brigade commander Sidorchuk, withdrawing to the forests south, eventually amassed a brigade-size command, half paratroops, half partisans; he obtained air supply, and assisted the 2nd Ukrainian Front over the Dnieper near Cherkassy to finally link up with Front forces on 15 November. 1540. The name Dnieper may be derived either from Sarmatian Dānu apara "the river on the far side" or from Scythian Dānu apr (Dānapr) "deep river". The Lower Dnieper Offensive took place in 1943 during the Second World War. Moreover its western shore —the one still to be retaken— was much higher and steeper than the eastern, complicating the offensive even further. Catherine II leaving Kaniów in 1787 by Johann Gottlieb Plersch, Moonlit Night on the Dnieper by Arkhip Kuindzhi, 1882, Ice in the Dnieper by Ivan Aivazovsky, 1872, Sapphire Dnieper by Jan Stanisławski, 1904, This article is about the river. Dnieper River - Dnieper River - Hydrology: The flow characteristics of the Dnieper have been thoroughly studied. All across the southern portion of the massive front, Soviet offensives were churning forward, reaching out ever farther to the west and south, seeking the German flank over the middle Donets river, and indeed, threatening the crucial crossing points over the mighty Dnepr river itself at Kremenchug, Dnepropetrovsk, and Zaporozhye. The River Dnieper has been a subject of chapter X of a story by Nikolai Gogol A Terrible Vengeance (1831, published in 1832 as a part of the Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka short stories collection). Dnieper River Flows Through The City Of Mogilev Stock Image - Image of blot, light: 66287273 Agora ~ 79 years ago . Captured documents gave the Germans enough knowledge of Soviet objectives to arrive at most of them before the disorganized paratroops. In antiquity, the river was known to the Greeks as the Borysthenes and was part of the Amber Road. photo from the drone, and discover more than 7 Million Professional Stock Photos on Freepik During the long retreat after Kursk, the Wehrmacht{'}s Heer and supporting Luftwaffe forces had managed to cross the Dnieper river to the West and reestablished the defences along the Wotan fortified line. The city stands on both banks of the Dnieper River, 260 miles (418 km) west of Moscow. The Battle of the Korsun–Cherkasy Pocket was a World War II battle fought from 24 January to 16 February 1944 in the course of the Soviet Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive in Ukraine following the Korsun-Shevchenkovsky Offensive.In the battle, the 1st and 2nd Ukrainian Fronts, commanded, respectively, by Nikolai Vatutin and Ivan Konev, encircled German forces of Army Group South … Romanian military actions in World War II. Soldiers used every available floating device to cross the river, under heavy German fire and taking heavy losses. Once across, Soviet troops had to dig themselves into the clay ravines composing the Dnieper's western bank. While the strength in personnel, materiél and logistical support of the Wehrmacht forces declined, that of the Red Army steadily increased, allowing the latter to create an ever larger numerical superiority for further conducting offensives. Historically, a connection with the Western European waterways was possible, but a weir without any ship lock near the town of Brest, Belarus, has interrupted this international waterway. [citation needed] The river is used by passenger vessels as well. The Dnieper is an important navigable waterway for the economy of Ukraine and is connected via the Dnieper–Bug Canal to other waterways in Europe. This meant that the Wehrmacht forces had to adopt an operational sustained defence against the Soviet Fronts. 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