The binding of drug with receptor may by of two types: Reversible binding; Irreversible binding; In reversible binding, the bond between the drug and receptor is very weak ionic, hydrogen or van der wall. “Antihistamines often cause a very significant dry-eye syndrome,” Andreoli says. When they go to an eye doctor, the eye doctor will see the papilledema,” Dr. Trobe notes. Amphetamines: Ecstasy, Molly, MDMA, and similar drugs can cause blurred vision and changes in pupil size. To minimize absorption, apply pressure over the nasolacrimal sac for two to three minutes. 2. Cigarettes: Smoking in general, and smoking cigarettes in particular, can lead to cat… 4. Drug Treatment of Glaucoma Anti Asthmatic Drugs Antihistamines Drug Interactions Locally Acting Drugs . Figure 1 provides an overview of the ocular absorption pathways of ocular drugs.. Rich Dad Poor Dad: What The Rich Teach Their Kids About Money - That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not! Share. Injury or disease to the ocular system can result in vision loss. tweet; 2 comments . Drugs and Cosmetics Act and Rules: Objective of Drugs & Cosmetic Act 1940 & Rules 1945: To ensure safety, efficacy and quality of products Risks Benefits. Download drug eye index for PC - free download drug eye index for PC/Mac/Windows 7,8,10, Nokia, Blackberry, Xiaomi, Huawei, Oppo… - free download drug eye index Android app, install Android apk app for PC, download free android apk files at choilieng.com This administration of drug can be done by instillation of a cream, an ointment, or a liquid drop preparation in the conjunctiva sac. Scribd is the … Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Pilocarpine is a nonspecific muscarinic agonist commonly used to treat disorders of the eye. In this section, the COVID-19 Treatment Guidelines Panel (the Panel) provides recommendations for using antiviral drugs to treat COVID-19 based on the available data. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Muscles within the eye control the size of the pupil and the diameter of the ciliary ring. The drugs can also cause rapid quivering of the pupils (nystagmus). Along with constricting the pupil through the smooth muscle of the iris, pilocarpine will also cause the ciliary muscle to contract. As you age, you have a higher risk of developing the following age-related eye diseases and conditions: Certain classes of drugs are known to cause eye problems. Drugs acting on the eye The eye is a complex sensory organ responsible for sight. The binding of drug with receptor may by of two types: Reversible binding; Irreversible binding; In reversible binding, the bond between the drug and receptor is very weak ionic, hydrogen or van der wall. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Antiviral agents generally are designed to block viral replication or disable viral proteins. The human body is a collection of tissues and organs which are intimately interconnected and mutually dependent. Small Infants: A single instillation of one drop of 0.5% in the eye. Corticosteroids, such as prednisone and cortisone, are a class of drugs that can effectively reduce inflammation. Drugs Acting on Eye, Respiratory System and Miscellaneous Drugs. The overall health of one's body or lack of health can play a significant role in the health of one's eyes. The Bad Beginning: A Series of Unfortunate Events #1. good. ANS Pharmacology Lecture 1 Drugs Affecting The Autonomic Nervous System Dr. Hiwa K. Saaed College of Pharmacy/University of Sulaimani 1 2. April 22, 2015 at 7:37 am. The eye is supplied both by sympathetic (radial fibres) and parasympathetic nerves (circular fibres). The eye itself. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. fahmi. Drugs Acting on Eye - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Drugs that cause an increase in the diameter of the pupil or dilatation are called as Mydriatics. A variety of ophthalmic preparations (topical, parenteral, and oral) are available for both therapeutic and diagnostic use. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. 1. Pilocarpine is a direct-acting cholinergic agonist that constricts the pupils of the eyes, thus opening the Schlemm canal to promote drainage of aqueous humor (fluid). Adrenergic drugs are medications that stimulate certain nerves in your body. While direct agonists act by binding directly to muscarinic or nicotinic ACh receptors, indirect agonists prolong the action of endogenous acetylcholine by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase . tweet; 2 comments . The mechanisms of sympathomimetic drugs can be direct-acting (direct interaction between drug and receptor), such as α-adrenergic agonists, β-adrenergic agonists, and dopaminergic agonists; or indirect-acting (interaction not between drug and receptor), such as MAOIs, COMT inhibitors, release stimulants, and reuptake inhibitors that increase the levels of … The uploader spent his/her valuable time to create this Eye … 17 slides: Protect the Eyes from Harm Eye injuries of all types occur at the rate of about 2000/day. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Ophthalmic Drugs Market is Expected to Witness Significant Growth in Healthcare Sector with a CAGR between 5.2% and 5.5% - Ophthalmic drugs are the drugs designed for the treatment of eye diseases and disorders. Most drugs like marijuana and cocaine (both held in a similar category) cause the increase and decrease of blood pressure in the eyes. [Side effects of various drugs acting on the eye]. A symptom of DXM abuse is rapid, involuntary eye movements called nystagmus. Aqueous humor is a clear fluid that maintains the intraocular pressure. Dilated pupils are a sign of an overdose. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This drug is used to treat glaucoma by relieving (intraocular) fluid pressure in the eye and to promote miosis in eye surgery and examinations. Vision Loss and Aging Losing vision is not a normal part of aging. Alcohol: Intoxication can cause double vision or blurry vision. They are used to reduce painful ciliary spasm, for diagnosing Horners syndrom… Ophthalmic anesthetics block the transmission of pain signals from the nerve endings of the eye to the brain, numbing the eye. This helps you give your presentation on Eye Care in a conference, a school lecture, a business proposal, in a webinar and business and professional representations.. Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint - Beautifully designed chart and diagram s for PowerPoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. They do this either by mimicking the action of the chemical messengers epinephrine and norepinephrine or by stimulating their release. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Title: No Slide Title Author: sharris Last modified by: Richard Freeman Created Date: 12/3/1999 1:51:19 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 570094-NTQyZ Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) is used to treat malaria, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. 01/29/2018 / 0 Comments / in Best Medical PPT, Best PPT, Cool PPT, Medical PPT Templates / by adminae Eye Scanning Ophthalmology PowerPoint Template is based on the concept of eye test of ophthalmology. Examples of antiviral drugs include agents to combat herpes viruses, influenza viruses, and HIV. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. L1: Drugs acting on the ANS 1. In irreversible binding, very strong covalent bonds are present, which prolongs the effects of drug. 1. Remdesivir is the only Food and Drug Administration-approved drug for the treatment of COVID-19. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. While direct agonists act by binding directly to muscarinic or nicotinic ACh receptors, indirect agonists prolong the action of endogenous acetylcholine by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase . Drugs acting on the ear, nose or throat This module is under construction. These drugs are used in many life-threatening conditions, including cardiac arrest, shock, asthma attack, or allergic reaction. Antiviral drug, any agent used in the treatment of an infectious disease caused by a virus. of Labor and Industries. This the effect is short lived. The most suitable method of administration depends on which area of the eye is the target for the remedy. FDA approved prescription drugs for ENT, which are used to cure various conditions relating to ENT (ears, nose, and throat). The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up: The Japanese Art of Decluttering and Organizing, The Baller: A Down and Dirty Football Novel, The 5 Love Languages: The Secret to Love that Lasts, The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck: A Counterintuitive Approach to Living a Good Life, Battlefield of the Mind: Winning the Battle in Your Mind, A Quick and Simple Summary and Analysis of The Miracle Morning by Hal Elrod, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, How to Destroy America in Three Easy Steps, 0% found this document useful, Mark this document as useful, 0% found this document not useful, Mark this document as not useful. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 6 Jan 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Jan … Ophthalmic anesthetics are eye drops, gels, or ointments that contain a local anesthetic and can be administered directly into the eye. MADUNDA EMMANUEL. good. GHB: A depressant sometimes called liquid ecstasy, GHB can be abused by putting the drug in eyes using eye drops. Free ppt Templates, Backgrounds, Diagrams, Map and Free Powerpoint Templates, Backgrounds, Diagrams, Maps for you - KEYPPT.com Cancer Drugs. From: Handbook of Non-Invasive Drug Delivery Systems, 2010. Drugs Acting on Eye, Respiratory System and Miscellaneous Drugs. Polar Bear, Polar Bear, What Do You Hear? Stimulation of both the systems produces mydriasis and miosis respectively and their paralysis produces opposite effects.1 Mydriatics show their action either by disrupting parasympathetic supply to the eye (atropine) or by over-activating the sympathetic system (phenylephrine). However, they also cause a … 2 3. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 6 Jan 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Jan 2021), ASHP … What about eye puffiness? If you have relevant content you are willing to share, we would appreciate your contribution. One acetylcholine-like drug that is employed therapeutically is pilocarpine, a selective muscarinic-receptor agonist that is used in eyedrops to constrict the pupil and to decrease the intraocular pressure that is raised in the disease glaucoma. Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitors target cells in the trabecular meshwork to enhance aqueous humor outflow. General considerations Autonomic Drugs: Drugs that produce their primary therapeutic effect by Mimicking or altering the functions of the ANS. Children: Instill one or two drops of 0.5% solution in the eye which may be repeated five to ten minutes later by a second application of 0.5% solution if necessary. April 22, 2015 at 7:37 am. contamination and eye injury due to eye-drop application are avoided 14 In vitro … Hydroxychloroquine. It reverses mydriasis, such as is caused by phenylephrine, and can be administered after an eye exam. Reply. Drug Treatment of Glaucoma Anti Asthmatic Drugs Antihistamines Drug Interactions Locally Acting Drugs . This is often due to lack of sleep but can be a powerful indicator of drug type. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Also see Eye Care for Seniors. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Ocular Pharmacology 1. Drugs that cause both pupillary dilatations, as well as cycloplegia (ciliary muscle paralysis), are called as Cycloplegics. 5-fluoro-uracil (5-FU) a cancer chemotherapy drug can lead to scars and closing the tear drainage system, resulting in eye tearing. 3. Antagonists acting on muscarinic receptors include such drugs as atropine and scopolamine. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Mechanisms of action. Benzodiazepines: Like alcohol, at recreational doses, these medications can cause altered, double or blurry vision. precise instillation requiring less manual dexterity than for eye-drop administration and is particularly useful for treating patients with unsteady hand movements. October 31, 2014 at 9:01 pm. Share. It is, however, more commonly mixed into a drink and consumed orally. Because treatment of eye injuries with these drugs may cause adverse effects on the digestive system, veterinarians often prescribe additional drugs to limit these effects, such as H 2-blockers or proton pump inhibitors. Ocular Pharmacology Introduction of drugs used in Eyes Gyanendra Lamichhane, MD LEI, Bhairahawa 2. In irreversible binding, very strong covalent bonds are present, which prolongs the effects of drug. It is a known retinal toxin, and the effects are irreversible. Drugs Chemicals that act on living systems and may be used in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of a disease This section covers commonly used drugs (including mechanism of action, indications for use, appropriate route of administration, contraindications and adverse effects). The volume of commercial drop dispensers (25–50 μL) generally exceeds the capacity of the conjunctival sac (only 10 μL), so that the major portion of the liquid drains out of the eye and … When this happens, blood is released into the vessels and ocular capillaries resulting in red eyes. The drug also causes hallucinations. Ophthalmic drugs delivered via systemic routes have proven even less successful due to the blood–aqueous and blood–retinal barriers, and significant side-effects associated with systemic exposure to large doses of drugs. Heparin, coumadin, anisindione, and other oral anti-coagulants, prescribed to prevent blood clotting can cause hemorrhaging in the eye. MADUNDA EMMANUEL. Get an idea about them from this page. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. These drugs are given intravenously or by mouth. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. ... portion of the eye surrounded by the socket and covered externally by the eyelids. A new class of glaucoma drugs promises to act specifically on the eye’s drainage canals, called the trabecular meshwork, a main outflow and blockage site in glaucoma. PowerPoint is the world's most popular presentation software which can let you create professional Eye Care powerpoint presentation easily and in no time. Ocular Pharmacology Introduction of drugs used in Eyes Gyanendra Lamichhane, MD LEI, Bhairahawa. Agents Acting on the Eye. These include diuretics (water pills), antihistamines, antidepressants, drugs that lower cholesterol, beta-blockers and birth control pills. Diseases of conjunctiva ppt ophthalmology, ICH pharmacovigilance planning, an efficacy guideline, Antioxidant Vitamin Food Sources PowerPoint, Free radicals and antioxidant vitamins explained pdf, Drugs used in special age groups like children, elderly and preganancy, Optic nerve Diseases By: Sumayya Naseem Optometrist, No public clipboards found for this slide. [Article in German] Thurn G. PIP: The ophthalmological effects of several classes of drugs, including ovulation inhibitors, are discussed. The time required for drugs to reach their peak concentrations in the eye depends highly on the physicochemical properties of the particular drug. Training on the use of eye protection in the workplace from the Washington State Dept. 10% to 20% of these injuries result in temporary or permanent vision loss. Sprays have several advantages over eye-drops: a more uniform spread of drug can be achieved. This the effect is short lived. fahmi. October 31, 2014 at 9:01 pm. Reply. 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