Green Revolution is looses soil fertility due to increased use of chemical fertilizers. The Green Revolution model is in trouble. 1. Tube well irrigation has rapidly increased. Consequences of the Green Revolution would be competition, reduced genetic diversity, water shortages, and changes in lifestyle. Now Agricultural Development Banks and Co-operative credit societies provide loan facilities to farmers. Since fertilizers are largely what made the Green Revolution possible, they forever changed agricultural practices because the high yield varieties developed during this time cannot grow successfully without the help of fertilizers. The university organises Kisan Melas twice a year in order to provide knowledge of new agricultural techniques to farmers. Inter-Crop Imbalances: The effect of Green Revolution is primarily felt on food-grains. Under this programme, much attention is paid to crop rotation, chemical fertilizers, use of HYV seeds and water etc. The Green Revolution was certainly one of the forces accounting for that shift. In 1965-66, production of food grains in Punjab was 33.89 lakh tonnes and in 2002-03, production of food grains increased to 235 lakh tonnes. Continuous use of ground water for tubewell irrigation has reduced the water table below the ground. The green revolution has two types of effects on Indian economy, namely, (a) economic effects and (b) sociological effects. The scattered holdings of the farmers have been consolidated in one large holding. Now the Govt. The Green Revolution buys the time Third World countries desperately need to deal with the underlying social causes of poverty and to cut birth rates. The term Green Revolution refers to the renovation of agricultural practices beginning in Mexico in the 1940s. The major problems surrounding the use of these technologies here though are a lack of infrastructure, governmental corruption, and insecurity in nations. The Farmer can arrange for irrigation facilities on the large holding. In 2002-03, their use increased to 1441 thousand tonnes. 590 crore on agricultural development and Rs. By having this increased crop homogeneity though the types were more prone to disease and pests because there were not enough varieties to fight them off. Proper arrangement of irrigation and used HYV seeds, enabled the farmers to grow more than one crop in a year. Once destroyed, it is very difficult to restore them. The large increase in agricultural production due to mechanised agriculture, use of High yielding variety of seeds, use of chemical fertilizers and plant protection by spraying pesticides, etc. Much of this green revolution was caused by the combination of high rates of success caused by combination of high rates of investment in crop research and infrastructure development along with market development and appropriate policy (ref) and its impacts where more pronounced for those countries with poor investment on research process (ref). During the 1960s scientists developed new strains of seeds known as high-yielding varieties (HYVs) which produced higher yields of crops such as maize … In the 1940s, he began conducting research in Mexico and developed new disease resistance high-yield varieties of wheat. It is called a revolution because it was a very widespread phenomenon after its success at its place of origin. With the result of this the agricultural production increased tremendously. Short summaryThe wheat yield increases during the Green Revolution were achieved through the introduction of the Rht-1 alleles (DELLA alleles) that cause dwarfism, without affecting dormancy. In 2003, these facilities increased to 605 crores. Share Your Word File Plant clinics are opened to provide expert advice to farmers against diseases. In India, for example, there were about 30,000 rice varieties prior to the Green Revolution, today there are around ten - all the most productive types. The American economist James K. Boyce calls this phenomenon “immiserizing growth,” when economic growth, and political and social conditions are such that the rich get absolutely richer and the poor become absolutely poorer. Amanda Briney is a professional geographer. Farmers had to sell their produce in unregulated markets and got less price of their produce. However, farmers … Previously marketing facilities were inadequate. Consequences of the Green Revolution would be competition, reduced genetic diversity, water shortages, and changes in lifestyle. Social differences became more defined as groups developed into prosperity because of the Green Revolution. The first is that the increased amount of food production has led to overpopulation worldwide. The extent of systematic damages caused in the process of Green Revolution to the soil, groundwater, and ecosystem needs to be quantified. Before publishing your Articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. TOS4. Borlaug and the Ford Foundation then implemented research there and they developed a new variety of rice, IR8, that produced more grain per plant when grown with irrigation and fertilizers. Known as the Bengal Famine, an estimated four million people died of hunger that year alone in eastern India (that included today's Bangladesh ). It created a lack of biodiversity in the global cropland structures.The spread of the agricultural practices of the Green Revolution may have helped to reduce hunger issues in developing countries, but it also created a significant deficit in agro-diversity and wild biodiversity around the globe. Ray Offenheiser: The Green Revolution was the emergence of new varieties of crops, specifically wheat and rice varietals, that were able to double if not triple production of those crops in … Causes or Importance of Green Revolution (GR): (1) Population Growth: During fifties and early sixties due to population growth the real per capita income and per capita food availability has reduced. production. More credit facilities have been provided to farmers. Despite these criticisms though, the Green Revolution has forever changed the way agriculture is conducted worldwide, benefiting the people of many nations in need of increased food production. In Punjab, the agriculture is mechanised. are intensively used in Punjab. Pesticides are sprayed to protect the plants. These larger seeds then created more grain yield and a heavier above ground weight. After selectively breeding these plants, they evolved to all have the characteristic of larger seeds. The end result of the Green Revolution was to make India self-sufficient when it came to food grains. For instance, before the Green Revolution, agriculture was severely limited to areas with a significant amount of rainfall, but by using irrigation, water can be stored and sent to drier areas, putting more land into agricultural production - thus increasing nationwide crop yields. In case of rice the yield increased from 1000 kgms to 3500 kgms. She holds an M.A. By maximizing the seed or food portion of the plant, it was able to use photosynthesis more efficiently because the energy produced during this process went directly to the food portion of the plant. Due to multiple cropping production of food grain has increased tremendously. Today, India is one of the world's leading rice producers and IR8 rice usage spread throughout Asia in the decades following the rice's development in India. So crops were damaged on large scale. The use of HYV seeds have played major role in increasing agricultural production. The Green Revolution was caused by the lack of enough food to support the growing global population, particularly in less developed countries, and the threat that this posed on the surrounding more prosperous countries. So HYV seeds has increased the production tremendously. The initiatives resulted in the adoption of new technologies, including High-Yielding Varieties (HYVs) of cereals, especially dwarf wheat and rice. There was no arrangement to protect the plants against disease in previous times. Borlaug and this forever changed the areas where various crops can be grown benefited from the Green is! 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